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Insufficient Evidence for Muscle loss in the elderly. Am J Clin Nutr ;91 1: You can access a special print version by clicking the "Print" icon in the upper right corner of this report or by clicking here. Pediatr Med Chir ;16 3: Ann Allergy ;71 2: Anti-HIV and anti-apoptotic activity of the whey protein concentrate: Also note that high doses of vitamin C may increase blood sugar or interfere with certain blood sugar tests.
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Nutr Res ; 34 Minimal whey protain with carbohydrate stimulates muscle protein synthesis following resistance exercise in trained young men. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab ; Ingestion of whey hydrolysate, casein, or soy protein isolate: J Appl Physiol ; Eight weeks of pre- and postexercise whey protein supplementation increases lean body mass and improves performance in Division III collegiate female basketball players. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab.
Biochemical and clinical effects of whey protein supplementation in Parkinson's disease: Effect of a whey hydrolysate prophylaxis of atopic disease. Effects of complete whey-protein breakfasts versus whey without GMP-breakfasts on energy intake and satiety. A high whey protein-, leucine-, and vitamin D-enriched supplement preserves muscle mass during intentional weight loss in obese older adults: Am J Clin Nutr ; 2: Cholestatic jaundice as a result of combination designer supplement ingestion.
Ann Pharmacother ;47 Whey protein supplementation during resistance training augments lean body mass. J Am Coll Nutr ;32 2: Management of HIV-related weight loss and diarrhea with an enteral formula containing whey peptides and medium-chain triglycerides. Myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis rates subsequent to a meal in response to increasing doses of whey protein at rest and after resistance exercise.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 99 1: Influence of whey and purified whey proteins on neutrophil functions in sheep. J Dairy Res ; Immunomodulatory effects of dietary whey proteins in mice.
Whey protein supplementation and higher total protein intake do not influence bone quantity in overweight and obese adults following a week exercise and diet intervention. Two-year whey protein supplementation did not enhance muscle mass and physical function in well-nourished healthy older postmenopausal women. Effect of different protein sources on satiation and short-term satiety when consumed as a starter.
Protein choices targeting thermogenesis and metabolism. Effects of whey protein and resistance exercise on body cell mass, muscle strength, and quality of life in women with HIV. Effects of whey protein and resistance exercise on body composition and muscle strength in women with HIV infection. Effect of drinking compared with eating sugars or whey protein on short-term appetite and food intake.
Lond ; View abstract. Effect of premeal consumption of whey protein and its hydrolysate on food intake and postmeal glycemia and insulin responses in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr ;91 4: Varying protein source and quantity do not significantly improve weight loss, fat loss, or satiety in reduced energy diets among midlife adults. Nutr Res ;31 2: Effects of protein quality on appetite and energy metabolism in normal weight subjects.
In vitro studies of the digestion of caprine whey proteins by human gastric and duodenal juice and the effects on selected microorganisms. Br J Nutr ;96 3: Plasma disposition kinetics of albendazole metabolites in pigs fed different diets. Protein source, quantity, and time of consumption determine the effect of proteins on short-term food intake in young men. Whey protein ingestion enhances postprandial anabolism during short-term bed rest in young men.
A controlled trial of the effect of milk basic protein MBP supplementation on bone metabolism in healthy menopausal women. Controlled trial of the effects of milk basic protein MBP supplementation on bone metabolism in healthy adult women.
Skim milk, whey, and casein increase body weight and whey and casein increase the plasma C-peptide concentration in overweight adolescents. Dose-response effect of a whey protein preload on within-day energy intake in lean subjects.
Br J Nutr ; Muscle full effect after oral protein: Am J Clin Nutr ;92 5: Whey protein but not soy protein supplementation alters body weight and composition in free-living overweight and obese adults. Acute ingestion of a novel whey-derived peptide improves vascular endothelial responses in healthy individuals: Acute effects of ingestion of a novel whey-derived extract on vascular endothelial function in overweight, middle-aged men and women.
J Nutr ; 5: Emerging health properties of fermented milk and whey proteins: Role in Helicobacter pylori eradication. Effects of cysteine donor supplementation on exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Antioxidant activity of whey protein fractions isolated by gel exclusion chromatography and protease treatment. Anti-inflammatory potential of a malleable matrix composed of fermented whey proteins and lactic acid bacteria in an atopic dermatitis model.
Inhibition of neutrophil infiltration by a malleable protein matrix of lactic acid bacteria-fermented whey proteins in vivo.
Regulatory function of a malleable protein matrix as a novel fermented whey product on features defining the metabolic syndrome. The Canadian asthma primary prevention study: A comparison of short-term appetite and energy intakes in normal weight and obese boys following glucose and whey-protein drinks.
Effect of short-duration physical activity and ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term energy intake in boys. The effects of supplementation with creatine and protein on muscle strength following a traditional resistance training program in middle-aged and older men.
J Nutr Health Aging. Effect of protein ingestion on energy expenditure and substrate utilization after exercise in middle-aged women. Impact of early feeding on childhood eczema: The whey fermentation product malleable protein matrix decreases triglyceride concentrations in subjects with hypercholesterolemia: J Dairy Sci ;94 2: Systemic indices of skeletal muscle damage and recovery of muscle function after exercise: Appl Physiol Nutr Metab ;34 4: Increased carbohydrate oxidation after ingesting carbohydrate with added protein.
The influence of carbohydrate and protein ingestion during recovery from prolonged exercise on subsequent endurance performance. J Sports Sci ;25 Dietary protein-induced increases in urinary calcium are accompanied by similar increases in urinary nitrogen and urinary urea: Similar effects of leucine rich and regular dairy products on muscle mass and functions of older polymyalgia rheumatica patients: J Nutr Health Aging ;15 6: Carbohydrate vs protein supplementation for recovery of neuromuscular function following prolonged load carriage.
The clinical effect of a new infant formula in term infants with constipation: Continuous hydrolysis of goat whey in an ultrafiltration reactor: Effect of an amino acid, protein, and carbohydrate mixture on net muscle protein balance after resistance exercise.
Effects of a whey protein supplementation on intrahepatocellular lipids in obese female patients. Appetite hormones and energy intake in obese men after consumption of fructose, glucose and whey protein beverages. Appetite regulatory hormone responses to various dietary proteins differ by body mass index status despite similar reductions in ad libitum energy intake.
Energy intake, ghrelin, and cholecystokinin after different carbohydrate and protein preloads in overweight men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab ;91 4: Can farm milk consumption prevent allergic diseases?
The influence of carbohydrate-protein co-ingestion following endurance exercise on myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis. J Physiol ; Pt Soy versus whey protein bars: The effect of protein composition in liquid meals on gastric emptying rate in children with cerebral palsy. Supplementation with a whey protein hydrolysate enhances recovery of muscle force-generating capacity following eccentric exercise. J Sci Med Sport ;13 1: The effect of whey protein supplementation with and without creatine monohydrate combined with resistance training on lean tissue mass and muscle strength.
Int J Sport Nutr. Gastric emptying, gastric secretion and enterogastrone response after administration of milk proteins or their peptide hydrolysates in humans. J Nutr ;43 3: Dairy constituents and neurocognitive health in ageing. Absorption of a new semielemental diet in infants with cystic fibrosis. Enteral Nutr ;33 4: Influence of ingesting casein protein and whey carbohydrate beverages on recovery and performance of an endurance cycling test.
Use of hypoallergenic formula in the prevention of atopic disease among Asian children. Child Health ;38 1: A randomized controlled study on the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention program in the primary prevention of asthma in high-risk infants.
Children successfully treated for moderate acute malnutrition remain at risk for malnutrition and death in the subsequent year after recovery.
Short term effects on bone quality associated with consumption of soy protein isolate and other dietary protein sources in rapidly growing female rats. Immunogenicity and antigenicity of a partially hydrolyzed cow's milk infant formula. Open-labeled pilot study of cysteine-rich whey protein isolate supplementation for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis patients. Interaction of dietary protein, cholesterol and age on lipid metabolism of the rat.
Br J Nutr ;61 3: Dietary fats modulate age-dependent effects of dietary proteins on cholesterol metabolism in rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol. Tokyo ;36 Suppl 2: The combined effects of dietary proteins and fish oil on cholesterol metabolism in rats of different ages.
Effect of a week strength training program and recovery drink on body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and anaerobic power and capacity. FDA's health claim review: Effect of time of consumption of preloads on measures of satiety in healthy normal weight women. J Clin Nutr ;63 1: Glucagon and insulin responses after ingestion of different amounts of intact and hydrolysed proteins.
Br J Nutr ; 1: The effect of a low-fat, high-protein or high-carbohydrate ad libitum diet on weight loss maintenance and metabolic risk factors. Characterization of major radical scavenger species in bovine milk through size exclusion chromatography and functional assays.
Effects of leucine and whey protein supplementation during eight weeks of unilateral resistance training. Nutrient provision increases signalling and protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle after repeated sprints. Whey protein isolate attenuates strength decline after eccentrically-induced muscle damage in healthy individuals.
Conjugated linoleic acid combined with creatine monohydrate and whey protein supplementation during strength training. Results of a follow-up study]. Pediatr Med Chir ;18 5: The rate of protein digestion affects protein gain differently during aging in humans. J Physiol ; Pt 2: Pediatr Med Chir ;16 3: Peptides from water buffalo cheese whey induced senescence cell death via ceramide secretion in human colon adenocarcinoma cell line.
Nutr Food Res ; View abstract. Effect of a hypocaloric diet, increased protein intake and resistance training on lean mass gains and fat mass loss in overweight police officers. Ann Nutr Metab ;44 1: Bovine antibody-based oral immunotherapy for reduction of intragastric Helicobacter pylori colonization: Resistance training with soy vs whey protein supplements in hyperlipidemic males.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ;6: Muscle protein synthesis in cancer patients can be stimulated with a specially formulated medical food. Clin Nutr ;30 6: XPL Dermylex , a new whey protein extract with potential benefit for mild to moderate psoriasis.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ;85 9: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi. In vitro and in vivo safety studies of a proprietary whey extract. Effect of soy- and whey protein-isolate supplemented diet on the redox parameters of trained mice. J Nutr ;45 5: The effects of creatine and whey protein supplementation on body composition in men aged 48 to 72 years during resistance training.
J Nutr Health Aging ;12 3: Journal of Applied Sciences Research ;5 9: Different digestion of caprine whey proteins by human and porcine gastrointestinal enzymes. Br J Nutr ; 3: A proof-of-concept trial of the whey protein alfa-lactalbumin in chronic cortical myoclonus.
Esteves de Oliveira, F. Impact of different protein sources in the glycemic and insulinemic responses. Improved general health status in an unselected infant population following an allergen-reduced dietary intervention programme: Eur J Nutr ;39 4: Zug-Frauenfeld nutritional survey "Zuff Study": Nutr Res ;18 8: Plasma amino acid response after ingestion of different whey protein fractions. Int J Food Sci Nutr ; Dairy proteins and the response to pneumovax in senior citizens: A whey-protein supplement increases fat loss and spares lean muscle in obese subjects: Nutr Metab Lond ;5: Effect of whey on blood glucose and insulin responses to composite breakfast and lunch meals in type 2 diabetic subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr ;82 1: Antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective effects of whey protein and Spirulina in rats. Nutrition ; View abstract. Physicochemical characterization of mozzarella cheese wheys and stretchwaters in comparison with several other sweet wheys. J Dairy Sci ;92 Effect of proteins from different sources on body composition. The whey fermentation product malleable protein matrix decreases TAG concentrations in patients with the metabolic syndrome: Effects of whey protein supplements on metabolism: Nutr Metab Care ;14 6: Improved glutathione status in young adult patients with cystic fibrosis supplemented with whey protein.
Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV. Dietary phosphate restriction in dialysis patients: A new approach for the treatment of hyperphosphataemia.
Effects of pre-meal drinks with protein and amino acids on glycemic and metabolic responses at a subsequent composite meal.
The glycemic, insulinemic and plasma amino acid responses to equi-carbohydrate milk meals, a pilot- study of bovine and human milk. Timing protein intake increases energy expenditure 24 h after resistance training. Comparison of a partially hydrolyzed infant formula with two extensively hydrolyzed formulas for allergy prevention: Casein and whey exert different effects on plasma amino acid profiles, gastrointestinal hormone secretion and appetite. Br J Nutr ;89 2: Evaluation of biological and biochemical quality of whey protein.
J Med Food ;13 6: Effect of whey protein isolate on strength, body composition and muscle hypertrophy during resistance training. This shake contains 15 grams of protein, 35 grams of carbs and calories. Adding a little fat to your shake, such as peanut butter or flaxseeds, may help slow the digestion of your shake and help improve blood sugar control.
With all the attention on protein, you would think that Americans are deficient, but most get more than enough in their diets, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Additionally, people with diabetes have a high risk of kidney disease, and if your kidneys aren't working well, eating more protein than you need may cause further damage.
Women need 46 grams of protein a day, and men 56 grams. While protein shakes may be convenient, they are not always the healthiest option for people with diabetes. Video of the Day.
The American Dietetic Association states that "diets providing 30 to 50 g fiber per day from whole food sources consistently produce lower serum glucose levels compared to a low-fiber diet. Ginseng , both American and Korean Red ginseng from Panax ginseng , may reduce blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, according to preliminary research.
Drinking whey protein before a high glycemic meal may help to lessen increases in blood sugar after the meal in people with well-controlled type 2 diabetes. Silymarin, a component of milk thistle , may decrease blood sugar and hemoglobin A1c in people with type 2 diabetes, and reduce insulin resistance in people with coexisting diabetes and alcoholic cirrhosis.
Inulin, a type of prebiotic , may improve measures of blood sugar control in women with type 2 diabetes, although it did not improve blood sugar levels or insulin resistance in a study of prediabetic men and women. Berberine a compound found in plants such as barberry , Oregon grape and goldenseal may reduce blood sugar levels in people with metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes, according to a few small studies.
Fenugreek may help to lower blood sugar, according to preliminary studies, and one study found fenugreek extract to significantly improve some measures of blood sugar control and insulin response in people with type 2 diabetes.
D-ribose , often promoted for energy or sports performance, may also lower blood sugar levels Fenstad, Internet J Nutr Wellness White mulberry Moruns alba or Morus indica has been traditionally used in Asia to help treat type 2 diabetes, and there is some preliminary evidence to support this use.
Mulberry leaf extract species not given may lessen increases in blood sugar after ingestion of table sugar in healthy people and people with type 2 diabetes Mudra, Diabetes Care There is mixed evidence as to whether CoQ10 may lower blood sugar. To be safe, people with diabetes or who take medication to lower blood sugar should consult a physician before using. Preliminary evidence suggests certain other supplements, including aloe , ashwagandha , ginkgo , green coffee bean extract , glucosamine , black cohosh , rhodiola , reishi mushroom and tart cherry juice may lower blood sugar.
While there is not enough clinical research to support the use of these supplements for this purpose, it's important to keep this in mind, as they could enhance the blood sugar lowering effect of other supplements or medications you may be taking. CLA conjugated linoleic acid , a popular supplement for slimming, may worsen blood sugar control in diabetics and in obese people without diabetes. Also note that high doses of vitamin C may increase blood sugar or interfere with certain blood sugar tests.
I am having trouble sleeping. I regularly take a multivitamin, fish oil, magnesium, calcium, vitamins D and K, and a protein supplement. I also take a low-dose blood pressure medication. Could any of these supplements be causing my insomnia?
Among these supplements, vitamin D seems the most likely cause. Multivitamins , fish oil , magnesium , calcium , vitamin K and protein supplements are not generally known to cause insomnia. High doses of vitamin D, as well as high blood levels of vitamin D have been associated a deterioration in sleep quality — and you seem to be supplementing with both vitamin D and a multivitamin that likely provides more vitamin D.
High amounts of vitamin D may interfere with the body's production of melatonin. Be aware that beta blocker medications, such as atenolol Tenormin and metoprolol Lopressor, Toprol XL that help lower blood pressure may also lower your body's nighttime production of melatonin and interfere with sleep.
A small study suggests that melatonin supplementation may improve sleep in people taking these medications. However, be aware that melatonin may increase blood pressure in people taking another type of blood pressure lowering medication. Does soy affect the risk of breast cancer or prostate cancer? The relationship between soy or soy isoflavone intake and the risk of breast cancer and prostate cancer is not clear-cut. Soy contains compounds called phytoestrogens , such as isoflavones, which have weak estrogen-like activity.
Soy and soy isoflavones may have varying effects depending on age, estrogen status and type of cancer. In women, high soy consumption early in life may help to lower the risk of breast cancer but there is concern that high doses of isoflavones may not be safe in women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and may also slightly increase the risk of uterine cancer.
In men, higher soy intakes are generally associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer, but higher intakes of soy isoflavones are associated with an increased risk of advanced prostate cancer. Also see the Encyclopedia article about Soy Isoflavones.
I do moderate exercise for about an hour a few times a week. Which supplements might help me? When working out, nutritional needs to consider include hydration and electrolytes, energy, and protein.
As long as you are fairly healthy and eating a balanced diet, if you work out for an hour, you only need water to recover; you don't need an "electrolyte" supplement. This was shown in a study which compared water to coconut water and a rehydration sports drink as discussed in the Coconut Waters Review.
Only when doing strenuous exercise for long periods of time i. However, after a long-period of strenuous exercise, a drink or food which provides some sugar energy may help restore blood sugar levels. Extra protein from a powder or drink can help athletes build muscle and older people prevent or reverse age-related loss of muscle strength when used in conjunction with resistance -type exercise such as free weights, weight machines, resistance bands, or your own body weight — as with squats.
If you are not doing resistance-type exercise, extra protein won't help. Evidence for Other Supplements: Branched-chain Amino Acids BCAAs may help reduce muscle breakdown during exercise and reduce soreness from long-distance intense exercise, but BCAAs do not appear to have performance-enhancing effects.
BCAAs may reduce muscle loss due to inactivity, such as around the time of knee surgery. Creatine may improve muscle strength and endurance during repeated high-intensity exercise of short duration, such as weight lifting and sprinting. It is not of benefit in purely aerobic exercises.
Curcumin from turmeric has reduced muscle soreness due to intense exercise in some studies, but not all. Fish oil has been shown to help increase strength from training in women but not in men.
For details see the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Vitamin D supplementation helps increase strength from training among people deficient in vitamin D. However, among people who are not deficient, supplementing with vitamin D may reduce the benefits of exercise.
This is explained in the Vitamin D Supplements Review. Vitamin D isn't the only anti-oxidant which can potentially blunt the benefits effects of exercise. It has been speculated that during exercise, reactive oxygen species ROS are created which trigger positive changes in muscle, but anti-oxidants remove ROS, preventing this from happening.