This report describes a relatively new trend in pastoralist livestock marketing, being a dynamic response to increasing demand for camels in mid-altitude areas of Ethiopia, and in neighboring Sudan. For more information see the Archive: The collection, made up of common livestock species as well as fish and shellfish, includes 36 species represented by breeds. Positioning is critical because the opening to a Space Shuttle toilet is 4 inches across, as opposed to the inch maw we are accustomed to on Earth. This will give the crew a second to grab a hand-hold.

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Pursuant to the Bankruptcy Code specifically including, but not limited to, 11 U. If you believe that you might be a creditor of the Debtor s based upon debts arising prior to April 13, , and you are considering taking action based upon your status as a creditor, you may wish to seek legal advice.

Notice of Hearing Notice of Hearing. Notice of Meeting. Notice of Evidentiary Hearing. Notice of Status Hearing. Notice of Status Conference. Please refer to the top of the homepage under Notice of Deadline for Filing Electronic Proofs of Claims for information on how to file claims.

Darr, the Chapter 11 Trustee. KCC maintains this website for the public's convenience and, while KCC makes every attempt to ensure the accuracy of the information contained herein, this website is not the website of the United States Bankruptcy Court and does not contain the complete, official record of the Bankruptcy Court. All documents filed with the Court, including lists of the Debtors' assets and liabilities, are available for inspection at the Clerk of the Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts.

Court Docket Number List. Moss Clothing Company Ltd. Creditors' Committee Charter Communications, Inc. However, the possibility exists that Listeria will be re-introduced into areas in which RTE foods are exposed.

It is important to continually strive for negative results by responding to each positive sample with appropriate corrective actions in a timely manner. It is recommended that Listeria spp. Testing for Listeria spp. The purpose of the environmental sampling program is to assess the effectiveness of sanitation and other GMP s in RTE processing environments and the potential for product contamination.

In addition, by detecting and responsibly responding to each positive result, consumer risk can be minimized. Environmental monitoring programs must include routine sampling of FCS s that come into contact with exposed RTE foods before final packaging. The number of sites e. In some situations, food in various stages of processing or product build-up can be used as additional samples to further assess the presence of Listeria along a processing line or system.

Samples should also be collected from non- FCS s as an additional measure of verification. Recent publications CAC , ; Meat Industry Listeria monocytogenes Working Group, can provide guidance on the establishment of an environmental sampling program.

Investigational sampling differs from the routine environmental program used to monitor control of Listeria. It involves collecting additional samples from sites to help identify more clearly the source s of contamination. Investigational sampling is a valuable tool for identifying and eliminating harbourage sites Tompkin, ; CAC , The benefit of environmental sampling for products given a validated final in-package listericidal treatment is affected by the degree of inactivation delivered by the listericidal process, e.

Therefore, finding sources of contamination away from the production line and preventing cross-contamination, is encouraged as a fundamental principle of Listeria control. Depending on the application of the sampling program i.

When reviewing data for trend analysis, contamination of non- FCS s with Listeria spp. It is the responsibility of processors of RTE food to react to all unsatisfactory environmental results in a timely manner and to ultimately achieve Listeria -negative results. A finding of Listeria spp. If two or more samples from the same production line i. Persistent contamination of FCS with any Listeria spp.

All positive results for L. End-product testing for L. This policy states the minimum requirements that should be adhered to. The operator or regulatory authority can exceed these minimum requirements.

For most RTE products, control i. Therefore, a better decision can be made regarding releasing end-products, rather than relying on testing individual lots. In fact, microbiological testing of food is an imprecise science and may not portray the true microbiological condition of the food. Consequently, for many foods, the relative importance of end product testing is less than that for environmental testing.

However, end-product testing is conducted for various reasons, such as customer requirements, evaluation of product contamination when FCS tests positive for Listeria spp.

When testing end-products, RTE food processors should develop:. Samples of all finished RTE food products submitted for the analysis of L. Sampling of imports, particularly of large shipments, should be applied to identifiable lots of the product.

Where the importer is unable to provide information on the identity of different lots, then the entire shipment e. An analytical sample size of 5 X 25 g for this specific category of RTE product should be used for routine end-product testing. The detection of L. An analytical sample size of 5 X 10 g for this specific category of RTE product should be used for routine end-product testing.

The frequent presence i. The appropriate regulatory authority should be notified upon any positive end-product results, and follow-up actions should be implemented to ensure that the RTE food processor has the situation i. A RTE food in which growth of L. If insufficient, inadequate or no information exists regarding the 2A or 2B categorization of the RTE food product i. An establishment cannot rely solely on end-product testing to verify and control Listeria.

In addition, these trends data can be used comprehensively to model and predict risk and thus better target oversight and compliance activities. Where possible, quality control and statistical methods should include modern graphical techniques such as control charts, Pareto diagrams, etc.

All data and analysis results should be made available to those in the plant responsible for managing the Listeria control program. Responsibility for updating and disseminating the data should be assigned to one or more individuals within the establishment e. On-going review and analysis of the data for Listeria spp. Such reviews also provide information on the prevalence of Listeria spp. Trend analysis should be used to achieve improved control over time as each establishment gains experience in controlling Listeria and makes appropriate adjustments.

The aim of developing educational materials is to educate, inform and increase awareness of food hazards associated with RTE foods for consumers in general, and more specifically for seniors and their caregivers, pregnant women, people with weakened immune systems and other potentially high-risk individuals about safe food handling practices, and what they can do to reduce the risk of acquiring foodborne listeriosis.

RTE foods exposed to the environment after their manufacturing process are at greater risk of becoming contaminated by L. Recently, new RTE product formulations that incorporate Listeria inhibitors to reduce or eliminate the potential for listerial growth have been developed.

Alternatively, post-lethality treatments, as applicable, can also be used to reduce or eliminate L. In fact, since with the widespread use of inhibitors and robust environmental testing protocols, there has not been any listeriosis RTE meat-related outbreak in the U.

It remains the responsibility of the industry to demonstrate its ability and willingness to reduce the potential risks associated with RTE foods. The annual cost of foodborne illness in Australia. Accessed on August 31, Report on the increased incidence of listeriosis in the UK. Ad Hoc Group on Vulnerable Groups.

Accessed on March 28, Epidemiologic notes and reports Listeriosis outbreak associated with Mexican-style cheese - California.

Multistate outbreak of listeriosis - United States, Multistate outbreak of listeriosis- United States, Outbreak of listeriosis - Northeastern United States, An outbreak of febrile gastroenteritis associated with corn contaminated by Listeria monocytogenes. Inhibitory effects of raw carrots on Listeria monocytogenes.

Epidemiology of human listeriosis in Europe, with special reference to the Swiss outbreak. Genné, D, Erard, P. Outbreak of human listeriosis associated with Tomme cheese in Northwest Switzerland, Outbreak of listeriosis associated with homemade Mexican-style cheese - North Carolina, October - January A small outbreak of listeriosis associated with smoked mussels. An epidemic of food-borne listeriosis in western Switzerland: Description of 57 cases involving adults.

Sampling and Testing Accessed on March 15, Mexican cheese may cause listeriosis. News release from the city of Laredo Health Department. Accessed on August 27, Febrile gastroenteritis after eating on-farm manufactured fresh cheese - an outbreak of listeriosis? Low levels equal low risk. Surveillance for Listeria monocytogenes and listeriosis, Guidelines on the application of general principles of food hygiene to the control of Listeria monocytogenes in foods.

Recommendations for an environmental monitoring program for Listeria monocytogenes in processing areas. Proposed Draft Microbiological Criteria for Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods. Food Hygiene Basic texts, 4 th edition. Compendium of Analytical Methods. Outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infections associated with pasteurized milk from a local dairy - Massachusetts, An outbreak of gastroenteritis and fever due to Listeria monocytogenes in milk.

Enhanced detection of Listeria spp. Causes behind a human cheese-borne outbreak of gastrointestinal listeriosis. Listeria outbreak associated with sandwich consumption from a hospital retail shop, United Kingdom.

Two consecutive nationwide outbreaks of listeriosis in France, October February Seven die in French listeria outbreak. An outbreak of listeriosis suspected to have been caused by rainbow trout. Opinion of the scientific committee on veterinary measures relating to public health on Listeria monocytogenes. Commission regulations EC No. Listeria monocytogenes , a food-borne pathogen. A small outbreak of listeriosis potentially linked to the consumption of imitation crab meat. Pasteurized milk as a vehicle of infection in an outbreak of listeriosis.

Proposed draft guidelines on the application of general principles of food hygiene to the [control] of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods. Risk assessment of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods. Quantitative assessment of the relative risk to public health from foodborne Listeria monocytogenes among selected categories of ready-to-eat foods. Accessed on March 16, Listeriosis outbreak caused by acid curd cheese "Quargel", Austria and Germany Multinational listeriosis outbreak due to "Quargel", a sour milk curd cheese, caused by two different L.

An outbreak of febrile gastroenteritis associated with delicatessen meat contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. First documented outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes in Quebec, Rapport d'investigation et d'intervention à la suite de l'éclosion d'infections à Listeria monocytogenes pulsovar 93 liée à la consommation de fromages québecois, Accessed on February 21, Changing pattern of human listeriosis, England and Wales, Survey of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods.

Multistate outbreak of listeriosis linked to turkey deli meat and subsequent changes in US regulatory policy. Epidémie de listériose en France - Bilan final et résultats de l'enquête épidémiologique. Investigation en cas d'épidémie de listériose. Listeriosis from consumption of raw-milk cheese. Listeriosis outbreak associated with the consumption of rillettes in France in Increasing incidence of listeriosis in France and other European Countries.

Food and Drugs Act. Accessed on March 14, Food and Drug Regulations. Guidelines for the safety assessment of Novel foods. A guide for the preparation of submissions on food additives. It's Your Health " Listeria and food safety". Environmental sampling for the detection of microorganisms. Accessed on March 3, Validation of food safety control measures to limit or prevent the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods.

To be published title to be confirmed. Surface pasteurization of vacuum-sealed precooked ready-to-eat meat products. Huang, L and Sites, J. Elimination of Listeria monocytogenes on hotdogs by infrared surface treatment.

International Food Safety Authorities Network. Listeriosis outbreak linked to chicken wraps. Investigations related to the epidemic strain involved in the French listeriosis outbreak in La listériose humaine en France en Données du Centre National de Référence des Listeria. Risk factors for listeriosis in Denmark, A case cluster of listeriosis in Western Australia with links to pâté consumption. Report of the training workshop on aquaculture value chain development and participation, Pangasinan, the Philippines, 14—16 November Series: Building capacity for integrated rice—fish systems through the regional rice initiative and South—South cooperation Type: Report of the Regional Workshop Towards productive, sustainable and inclusive agriculture, forestry and fisheries in support to the Agenda for Sustainable Development Type: Training on rice-fish farming in high schools in Madagascar's highlands: Regional review on status and trends in aquaculture development in North America Series: Planning for aquaculture diversification: Doing aquaculture as a business for small and medium scale farmers.

An assessment of impacts from shrimp aquaculture in Bangladesh and prospects for improvement Series: Entebbe, Uganda, December Series: Foro Sub-Regional sobre la Inclusión del pescado en la alimentación escolar: Informe de la reunión Type: The world lobster market Series: Doing aquaculture as a business for small - and medium - scale farmers.

Practical training manual Series: Greenhouse gas emissions from aquaculture: Aquaculture governance and sector development Series: Atlas of aquaculture potential in coastal Kenya Type: Assessing water availability and economic social and nutritional contributions from inland capture fisheries and aquaculture: Short-term projection of global fish demand and supply gaps Series: Aquaculture zoning, site selection and area management under the ecosystem approach to aquaculture.

Fisheries and aquaculture insurance in China Series: Improving feed conversion ratio and its impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions in aquaculture Type: Social and economic performance of tilapia farming in Africa Series: The Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals: Report of the sixth meeting of the Working Group on Aquaculture. Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, October Series: Report of the seventeenth session of the Scientific Advisory Committee.

Fish for the Future Type: Aquaculture operations in floating HDPE cages: March Rome, FAO. Rapport de la consultation d'experts sur les programmes de documentation des prises, Rome, juillet Series: Ny fiompiana karpa an-tanimbary, ireo tombotsoa azo avy aminy Malagasy version Type: Blue Growth Initiative and Aquaculture Type: The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Rome, Italy, February Series: Small-scale aquaponic food production: June Rome, FAO.

Smart licensing of artisanal fisheries in the coastal waters of Tanzania Mainland with emphasis on small pelagics fisheries Series: Policy and governance in aquaculture: A global assessment of potential for offshore mariculture development from a spatial perspective Series: A global assessment of potential for offshore mariculture development from a spatial perspective.

Feeding and feed management of Indian major carps in Andhra Pradesh, India. Advances in geographic information systems and remote sensing for fisheries and aquaculture Series: Advances in geographic information systems and remote sensing for fisheries and aquaculture.

Ecosystem approach to aquaculture. Entebbe, Uganda, December Expanding mariculture farther offshore - Technical, environmental, spatial and governance challenges Series: Expanding mariculture farther offshore: Trends and initiatives in national aquaculture legislation Series: Cairo, the Arab Republic of Egypt, November Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture.

Advances in geographic information systems and remote sensing for fi sheries and aquaculture. Dhaka, Bangladesh, 29 - 30 August Series: Fisheries and aquaculture in Tajikistan: Guidelines on the application of the environmental impact assessment procedure in aquaculture in the Central Asia and Caucasus region Series: Guidelines on the application of the environmental impact assessment procedure in aquaculture in the Central Asia and Caucasus region.

December Rome, FAO. Report of the sixth session of the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture. Transition from low-value fish to compound feeds in marine cage farming in Asia Series: Transition from low-value fish to compound feeds in marine cage farming in Asia. Improving biosecurity through prudent and responsible use of veterinary medicines in aquatic food production Series: Improving biosecurity through prudent and responsible use of veterinary medicines in aquatic food production.

Commercially important sea cucumbers of the world Series: Le Cap, Afrique du Sud, mars Use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture. The farming of seaweeds Series: Health management for responsible movement of live aquatic animals. Phuket, Thailand September Farming the Waters for People and Food.

The fisheries and aquaculture sector in national adaptation programmes of action: Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics. Fishery and aquaculture statistics. Aquaculture development 6 - Use of wild fishery resources for capture-based aquaculture Series: Use of wild fishery resources for capture based aquaculture. State of world Fisheries and Aquaculture - Japanese version Series: Technical Guidelines on Aquaculture Certification.

Rome, November Series: A regional shellfish hatchery for the Wider Caribbean - Assessing its feasibility and sustainability Series: A regional shellfish hatchery for the Wider Caribbean: Assessing its feasibility and sus-tainability.

Technical Guidelines on Aquaculture Certification Series: Desarrollo de la acuicultura. Zagreb, Croatia, September Adapting to climate change: Aquaculture farmer organizations and cluster management: Aquaculture in desert and arid lands: Use of wild fish as feed in aquaculture Series: Review of fisheries and aquaculture development potentials in Armenia. Demand and supply of feed ingredients for farmed fish and crustaceans: