11 posts categorized "Tables and figures"
Copyright does expire , but that can take a long time. An exploratory study of the effects of nonverbal immediacy and language power on the extent of persuasion. We hope you find the course a helpful tool for learning APA Style! Begin building more comprehensive state profiles that capture the landscape of breastfeeding support. Note that all publishers have their own policies, so you should check with the publisher of your material to determine whether permission is necessary. Each of the webinars was also recorded and is now available on YouTube. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 33,
In the public domain. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nutrition, physical activity and obesity: Data, trends and maps. Alabama indicator details percent of adults aged 18 years and older who are obese. If the image is a table, the copyright statement goes at the end of the general table note. If the image is anything else, it is considered a figure for the purposes of an APA Style paper, and the copyright statement goes at the end of the figure caption.
Does all of this seem like a lot of trouble to go through just to include an image in a paper or in a presentation? If so, remember that this is just one example of a very important issue—ownership of intellectual property. Copyright infringement comes with serious legal consequences anyone who has seen the copyright disclaimer before a movie knows that and is considered stealing.
So remember, just because you found something on the Internet does not necessarily mean that you can freely reproduce it. Look at the terms of the copyright, determine whether you need permission, obtain permission if necessary, and ensure that you credit the author of a reproduced image with a copyright statement and reference list entry.
If you have further questions about reproducing images for a paper, please leave them in the comments below. Posted by Chelsea Lee at Corresponding reference entry McFarland, L. Example copyright statement From "Maximizing the Persuasiveness of a Salesperson: Corresponding reference entry Gadzhiyeva, N.
If the copyright holder is a large publisher, they probably have a permissions office to handle such requests e. Allot several weeks of time to go through the permissions process.
If there is no obvious person to contact, then you should not reproduce the image because you cannot obtain permission we recommend you then choose something else that does not require permission.
Continue to Part 4: Writing the Copyright Statement. Posted by Chelsea Lee at This applies even if you are writing a paper for a classroom assignment and not for publication. Many scientific, technical, and medical publishers will allow you to reproduce images here meaning tables or figures without obtaining permission provided that.
Note that all publishers have their own policies, so you should check with the publisher of your material to determine whether permission is necessary. To reproduce a stock photo you will most likely have to buy a license from its stock photography website e.
Consult the terms of the image to know what steps to take. That means that the publisher has bought a license for the stock photograph. If you want to use the photograph in your paper too, you need to go buy your own license for the photo.
Most clip art does not require permission to reproduce, but it may require a credit line. Check the terms of the clip art website to determine what to do.
Copyright Office , but in practice it means that under certain circumstances you can reproduce or adapt a copyrighted image without obtaining permission so long as you credit the source see Part 4 of this series. In the context of reproducing an image, your use is probably fair if it meets the following criteria:. If you fail to meet the above criteria for fair use or if you are unsure as to whether you meet the criteria, exercise caution and seek permission to reproduce the image.
If the copyright status of the image is unclear, assume that it is copyrighted. Contact the publisher of the image for more information if needed. If the origin of the image cannot be determined e. Be particularly careful of stock photographs, which legally can be reproduced without attribution, but only by a license holder. Continue to Part 3: The first step in navigating copyright for reproduced images in APA Style is to understand the copyright status of the image you want to reproduce. You may be surprised to learn that just because you found something on the Internet or read it in a book does not mean that you are entitled to reproduce it for free in a paper.
To determine whether you are allowed to reproduce an image, look for the copyright on the work. Here are some examples of copyright statements you might see:.
Continue to Part 2: Determining Whether Permission Is Needed. Many writers wonder how to cite an image they have reproduced from another source in an APA Style paper. There are legal implications of reproducing copyrighted intellectual property like images, even in student papers, and the upcoming series of posts will walk you through the process of understanding copyright and permissions and then appropriately crediting the source in your paper.
There are four steps to navigating copyright for reproduced images, each of which is described in its own post. Click the post title below to be taken directly to the information you need, or read the whole series to learn all about this issue!
Posted by Chelsea Lee at 3: No, sometimes we step out from our secret blog and Twitter identities to talk to people directly. We come a step closer and talk anyway—via webinar. It may also surprise you to know that we have other professional research interests in addition to APA Style.
Today, the Style blog has graciously yielded the floor to me to talk about one of those other initiatives that we thought some of you might find useful. In APA introduced a new student training feature. We hosted a series of webinars jointly with Psi Chi. We conducted four session last year led by Psi Chi graduate students and staff from various departments of APA. Each of the webinars was also recorded and is now available on YouTube. Here is information about each of those sessions and a YouTube link and direct access for each: Tests and Measures, April 2, Statistics for Student Publication, June 5, Theory to Practice, September 29, How to Publish While a Student, December 11, Posted by Timothy McAdoo at Have you ever had the urge to read the Publication Manual from beginning to end?
This course, available for continuing education credit, provides a comprehensive tour of the guidance in the Publication Manual. Basics of APA Style: Many of the sections in the course include relevant examples to provide context, and each section ends with two or three review questions to help you learn as you go along. We hope you find the course a helpful tool for learning APA Style! If you would like a broader less detailed overview of APA Style, we offer a free tutorial, The Basics of APA Style , which shows you how to structure and format your work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples.
Posted by Anne Woodworth Gasque at Use the symbol only when it is preceded by a numeral; otherwise, spell out the word percentage.
On the same page, the Manual also notes just one exception: Posted by Timothy McAdoo at 3: The best figures make complex results understandable at a glance.
The principles of figure construction are described on pp. I urge you to study these pages carefully. Figure construction is a creative art that is deceptively complicated. Variety is the spice of fonts. See how many different typefaces and font sizes you can put into one figure! Everything looks better in color, right? Fluorescent yellow will make your data POP! The bars on your graph are artistic, subtle graduations of gray or gently differing patterns.
Readers will be able to tell the difference if they look closely—or if they invest in a good pair of magnifying readers. Your cup runneth over. Every detail and nuance of your data can be incorporated into one figure if you use enough dimensions, descriptions, and axes.
So what if your reader needs a PhD in psychology and mechanical engineering as well as a guidebook to fully appreciate the brilliant visual representation you have concocted? Who cares if not all the data are relevant?
We must love all of our data equally. Identify opportunities for growth and improvement in maternity care practices. At 6 months At 1 year Exclusively through 3 months Exclusively through 6 months Data Sources for the Breastfeeding Report Card Indicators — Six indicators profile the extent to which infants are breastfed: Number of Live Births by State Data source: Related Links Data, Trends and Maps Data, Trends and Maps is an interactive tool that provides state-specific data about obesity, nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding.
Get Email Updates To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: August 20, Page last updated: August 20, Content source: Increase the proportion of infants who are breastfed: Exclusively through 3 months. Exclusively through 6 months. Increase the proportion of employers that have worksite lactation support programs. Reduce the proportion of breastfed newborns who receive formula supplementation within the first 2 days of life.
Increase the proportion of live births that occur in facilities that provide recommended care for lactating mothers and their babies.